Instructions for Authors
  Genome Letters is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities for all areas of genome science and technology. Genome Letters offers researchers, scientists, and medical experts peer-reviewed research papers in the field of genomics. The research papers are published into three categories: (i) Rapid Communications, (2) Research Articles, and (3) Reviews:
  JOURNAL POLICY: It is Genome Letters policy to publish only original and unpublished research work therefore Genome Letters do not wish to receive any papers on research work that has already been reported in parts or contains already published text, data, figures, tables or other illustrations or any copyright materials whatsoever that has been submitted or accepted for publication either in a journal or conference proceedings elsewhere, in print or in electronic media.

If redundant or duplicate publication is attempted or occurs authors should expect immediate editorial action to be taken including prompt rejection of the submitted manuscript. If the editor was not aware of the violations and the article has already been published, then a notice of redundant or duplicate publication will probably be published with or without the author's explanation or approval. When submitting a manuscript, authors should make a full statement to the Editor that the research work contained in their manuscript is completely original and unpublished. Submission of any manuscript that contains redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar research work violates the policies of this journal.

It is the sole responsibility of all authors to ensure that all manuscripts are new, original and not published previously in any form any media, shall not infringe upon or violate any kind of copyrights of others and does not contains any plagiarized, fraudulent and improperly attributed materials. Extended and modified versions of previously published abstracts, papers in any conference or journal are not allowed whatsoever.

Corresponding author should provide a clear statement confirming this while submitting manuscript to any ASP journal. Is this manuscript 100% original and unpublished? Has this manuscript been published in parts (figures/text/tables) in any conference proceedings or journal in any media or language or format whatsoever? Is this manuscript from free from plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) and copyright infringement?

Authors must follow this "Journal Policy" strictly.

  ETHICAL COMPLIANCE: Research papers reporting animal or clinical studies should, where appropriate, contain a statement that they have been carried out with animal or human ethics committee approval. All scientific studies should be carried out in accordance with the relevant national and local guidelines. Each author(s) warrants that his or her research institution has fully approved the protocol for all scientific studies involving animals or humans and that all experiments of any kinds were conducted in compliance with ethical and humane principles of research after ethics committee approval.

  TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS: There are no pages charges to authors to publish their research work in Genome Letters. Genome Letters publishes three categories of research papers.
  (1) RAPID COMMUNICATIONS: Highest priority will be given to the short communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings. Short communications on new findings with breakthrough results will be considered for accelerated publication though authors should provide a brief description why the manuscript be considered for fast tracking. No section headings should be used for these rapid communications.
  (2) FULL RESEARCH PAPERS: Full-length papers that report original research work on new ideas.
  (3) REVIEWS: The state-of-the-art review articles with author's short biography and photo will be published. Reviews are limited to a maximum length of 20 journal pages. It is authors? responsibility to obtain written copyright permissions to reproduce any previously published copyright materials from other sources.
  SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT: Authors are encouraged to submit high quality original work that has not been published previously or submitted nor under consideration by other journals or conference proceedings elsewhere. Authors should use double spacing throughout the manuscript, including for the title page, abstract, keywords, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and legends. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. Authors should use the sequence: title page, abstract and keywords, text (introduction, experimental methods, results and discussion, conclusions), acknowledgments, references, legends, tables and figures (each on separate page). Enclose a signed copyright transfer agreement. Authors should not submit prior or duplicate publication or submission elsewhere of any part of the work as defined in the journal policy. For review articles, authors should include all permissions to produce previously published copyright material or illustrations.Authors should submit manuscript ELECTRONICALLY as a PDF or Microsoft Word file or four hardcopies to the Editorial Office at:

Prof. Dr. Burkhard Tümmler
Klinische Forschergruppe
Zentrum Kinderheilkunde und Humangenetik
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1
D-30623 Hannover, GERMANY
Tel. +49-511-532-2920
Fax: +49-511-532-6723


American Scientific Publishers
26650 The Old Road, Suite 208
Valencia, California 91381-0751, USA
Tel. (661) 799-7200
Fax: (661) 799-7230

  Authors should submit a list of FIVE (5) potential referees accompanied with their complete mailing address, telephone, fax and email, who may be contacted for reviewing the manuscript though refereeing is done by anonymous reviewers.
  TYPING: All manuscripts must be in English, typed double-spaced on one side of the page throughout (including footnotes, references, tables, legends) on 8.5" x 11" or A4 white paper leaving at least 1 inch left hand margin.
  TITLE PAGE: The title page should carry (i) the title of the article, which should be concise but informative; (ii) the name all authors, (iii) their institutional affiliation to which the work should be attributed; (iv) the name and address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript including telephone, fax numbers and email address. Please indicate with an asterisk (*) the author to whom correspondence regarding the manuscript should be directed. Avoid abbreviations in the title.
  ABSTRACT AND KEYWORDS: The second page should carry an abstract of no more than 150-200 words explaining the essential contents of the work, key ideas and results. The abstract should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations. Below the abstract authors should provide 5 to 10 keywords. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. Define abbreviations and symbols used first time in the abstract, introduction or text.
  INTRODUCTION: State the purpose of the research article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported. Define technical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols.
  MATERIALS AND METHODS: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects. Authors should avoid terms such as "race," which lacks precise biological meaning, and use alternative descriptors such as "ethnicity" or "ethnic group" instead. Authors should specify carefully what the descriptors mean, and tell exactly how the data were collected.

Identify the methods, apparatus by giving the manufacturer's name and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods. Identify precisely all materials and chemicals used including generic names.

Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for obtaining data. These methods should also be summarized in a section in the table of contents.

When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution's or a national research council's guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. For more details, authors are advised to contact International Committee of Medical Journal Editors website (

Put a general description of methods in the Methods section. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols.

  RESULTS AND DISCUSION: Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data. In particular, authors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed.
  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: These should be brief and placed at the end of the text before the references. Authors may list all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided technical assistance, or a person who provided only general support. Financial and material support from agencies should also be acknowledged.
  REFERENCES AND NOTES: References should be in the proper format on a separate page, numbered in the sequence in which they occur in the text. Cite references numerically in a bracket [ ] in the text and list at the end of the manuscript. Identify references in text, tables and legends by Arabic numerals in a bracket. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.

Use the following examples for references. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Consult the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus, published annually as a separate publication by the library and as a list in the January issue of Index Medicus. The list can also be obtained through the library's web site (

Do not use abstracts as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as "in press". Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source. For scientific articles, authors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication.

The references must be verified by the authors against the original documents.


1. Journal article
Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann. Intern. Med. 124, 980 (1996)

2. Book
Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, Editors. Mental health care for elderly people, Churchill Livingstone; New York (1996)

3. Chapter in a Book
Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Laragh JH, Brenner BM, Editors, Raven Press, New York (1995) pp. 465-478.

4. Conference Proceedings
Kimura J, Shibasaki H, Editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology, (1995) October 15-19; Kyoto, Japan

5. Conference Paper
Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics.
In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; (1992) pp. 1561-1565.

6. Scientific Report
Field MJ, Tranquada RE, Feasley JC, editors. Health services research: work force and educational issues. Washington: National Academy Press; (1995) Contract No.: AHCPR282942008. Sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

7. Dissertation
Kaplan SJ. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly's access and utilization [dissertation]. St. Louis (MO): Washington University (1995).

8. Patent
Larsen CE, Trip R, Johnson CR, Inventors; Novoste Corporation, assignee. Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. US Patent 5,529,067. Jun 25 (1995).


Do not use the phrases "et al." and "ibid." in the reference section. Instead, the names of all authors of the reference must be listed except the number of authors is more than twenty authors.

  TABLES: Each table must be referred to in the text. Each table should be typed double-spaced on a separate sheet and identified sequentially by Arabic numerals corresponding to the order in which they appear in the text. Each table should have a brief explanatory title, which should be labeled unambiguously. The position of each table should be clearly marked in the text. Do not submit tables as photographs. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. For footnotes use the symbols. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge them fully. Do not use too many tables in relation to the length of the text, it may produce difficulties in the layout of pages.
  FIGURES: It is very important to supply high quality figures in a form suitable for reproduction. All figures, tables, illustrations, photographs should be prepared in such a way that they could be printed in a single column size with a width of 3 1/4 inches or 8.25 cm. Only if absolutely necessary should figures/tables/photos occupy double columns. Each figure must be referred to in the text and will be printed in black and white unless otherwise instructed by the authors. Each Figure should be submitted on a separate sheet and marked with the name of the author, title of manuscript and figure number. All formulae and figures should be carefully drafted and never drawn freehand. Use same font and size for all figure ligands. High quality original figures and glossy prints of all photographs are required. Photocopies of the figures and photographs are not acceptable. Figures should be professionally drawn and photographed; freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. Letters, numbers, and symbols should be clear and even throughout and of sufficient size that when reduced for publication each item will still be legible. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs. For reviews, if a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain.
  COLOR PRINTING: Color illustrations are most welcome by the journal as they are effective in conveying complex graphs and photographs. Free color printing at the publisher's discretion, will provide an opportunity to publish color figures/illustrations in print at NO COST to the authors
  PHOTOGRAPHS: Half-tone illustrations should be supplied as clear, glossy, unmounted prints. The author's name, title of manuscript and figure number should be written on the back.
  UNITS OF MEASUREMENT: Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be given in millimeters of mercury. Internationally accepted units of measurement must be used. The units of measurement are used in conjunction with their numerical values; the units should be abbreviated as suggested below. If more commonly used units are adopted, conversion factors should be given at their first occurrence. Greek symbols may be used.
%, ºC, nm, µm (not m), mm, cm, cm3, m, h (or hr), min, s (or sec), µg, mg, g (or gm), kg, cal, kcal, in. (or write out inch), ml [write out liter(s)].
  PROOFS: Page proofs for the correction of printer's errors only will be dispatched to the corresponding author denoted with an asterik (*) unless otherwise requested. Alterations at this stage are not allowed as they are expensive and may have to be charged to the authors. The proofread copy and reprint order form must be returned within 72 hours.
  OFFPRINTS: Authors may order reprints of articles with a minimum of 100 from ASP prior to publication. An order form accompanying the page proofs will be sent directly to the author. Please return your reprint order form with the page proofs.
  REFEREEING: To speed up the reviewing process, editors will communicate with authors and the referees via email. ASP or Editors will not return manuscripts to authors and keep any records whatsoever after a formal decision has been made about the manuscript. Editors have the right to reject the manuscript.
  WARRANTIES AND COPYRIGHTS: By submitting the manuscript, the authors warrant that the entire work is original and unpublished; it is submitted only to this Journal and all text, data, figures/tables or other illustrations included in the research article are completely original and unpublished, and these have not been previously published or submitted elsewhere in any form or media whatsoever. All authors are responsible for the complete contents of their manuscript. The author(s) warrant that the work contains no unlawful or libelous statements and opinions and liable materials of any kind whatsoever, do not infringe on any copyrights, intellectual property rights, personal rights or rights of any kind of others, and does not contains any plagiarized, fraudulent, improperly attributed materials, instructions, procedures, information or ideas that might cause any harm, damage, injury, losses or costs of any kind to person or property. Each author(s) agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless American Scientific Publishers and the Editors for any breach of such warranties. It is authors' responsibility to obtain written copyright permissions from other sources (publishers) for reproduction of any figures, tables, photos, illustrations, text or other copyright materials from previously published work. It is the policy of American Scientific Publishers to own the copyright of all contributions it publishes. To comply with the U.S. Copyright Law, a Copyright Transfer Form that transfer copyright of the article to the publisher must be completed by the authors prior to publication of an accepted article in this journal. Authors must submit a signed copy of the Copyright Transfer Agreement with their manuscript.
Terms and Conditions  Privacy Policy  Copyright © 2000-2012 American Scientific Publishers. All Rights Reserved.