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World Journal of Cancer Research
ISSN: 2165-6304 (Print); EISSN: 2165-6312 (Online)
Copyright © 2000- American Scientific Publishers. All Rights Reserved.


Instructions for Authors
World Journal of Cancer Research publishes original articles (editorials, reviews, case reports, short communications and research articles) describing significant new findings in any area related to basic and clinical cancer research. The topics on cancer research covered include but not limited to;
1 Cancer related genes, molecules, drugs, cancer cell lines and animal models;
2 Cancer prevention, carcinogenesis, cancer progression and metastasis;
3 Cancer diagnosis (biomarkers and imaging) and cancer treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, nanoparticle-based cancer therapy and other cancer therapies including combination therapy);
4 Clinical cancer studies using human cancer samples, patient clinicopathlogical and follow up data as well as cancer patients; and
5 All other cancer research related areas.
 
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION
Manuscripts should be submitted online to the Manuscript Tracking System. It should be submitted as a single file having title/affiliations/abstract/text/references/figures/tables, etc. all together; with a cover letter specifying that the unique contribution(s) of the manuscripts to the field, that the report is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and that all named authors have agreed to its submission. Papers reporting animal or clinical studies should, where appropriate, contain a statement that they have been approved and carried out with a regional animal or human care and ethics committee approval. Studies should be carried out in accordance with the relevant national and local guidelines.

MANUSCRIPT PEER-REVIEW PROCESS
Manuscripts will be assessed by the editorial office for satisfaction of the journal requirement before sending for external peer-review. The manuscripts of innovative research with high scientific quality will be accepted for publication. Authors will normally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within six weeks of submission. Contributors will be provided with an electronic PDF proof via e-mail and corrections must be returned within 48 hours of receipt of the proof by email. If this deadline is not met, the editorial office may take over the responsibility of proof reading or move article to next issue of the journal until corrected proofs are received from the authors.

JOURNAL POLICY
It is journal policy to publish only original and unpublished research work therefore World Journal of Cancer Research does not wish to receive any papers on research work that has already been reported in parts or contains already published text, data, figures, tables or other illustrations or any copyright materials whatsoever that has been submitted or accepted for publication either in a journal or conference proceedings elsewhere in any form, in print or in electronic media. When submitting a manuscript, authors should make a full statement to the Editors that the research work contained in their manuscript is completely original and unpublished. If redundant or duplicate publication is attempted or occurs authors should expect immediate editorial action to be taken including prompt rejection of the submitted manuscript. Submission of any manuscript that contains redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar research work violates the policies of this journal.

ETHICAL COMPLIANCE
Research papers reporting animal or clinical studies should, where appropriate, contain a statement that they have been carried out with animal or human care and ethics committee approval. All scientific studies should be carried out in accordance with the relevant national and local guidelines. Each author(s) warrants that his or her research institution has fully approved the protocol for all scientific studies involving animals or humans and that all experiments of any kinds were conducted in compliance with ethical and humane principles of research after ethics committee approval.

AN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL
World Journal of Cancer Research is an open-access journal, published both in print and online editions. The online edition of this journal is freely available from our website to its readers throughout the world.

MANUSCRIPT-PROCESSING FEES
Open access publishing is not without any production and editorial costs; therefore, it is financed by manuscript-processing fees, to be paid by the authors or their affiliated research institutions. To pay occurring expenses associated with manuscript processing, production, editorial, typesetting, printing, web-hosting, and archiving, authors are required to pay US$200 per journal page. However there are no charges for color figures/illustrations for research articles published electronically. The payment of manuscript-processing fees is necessary to maintain worldwide open-access to the all contents of this journal. This also allows authors' self-archiving and distribution of their published research work. Publisher will issue an invoice of manuscript-processing fees after a manuscript is accepted for publication. Online submission of the manuscript to the journal can be completed after the manuscript-processing fees have been agreed by authors. Accepted peer-reviewed manuscripts will not be processed and forwarded to production until all publication charges are paid in full to the publisher prior to publication. The publication charges for authors from low-income countries can be waived. The manuscript-processing fees are also waived for authors whose institutes subscribe to this journal.

HARDCOPY OF JOURNAL ISSUE
If authors require a hardcopy of the journal issue having their research article then authors should pay additional $750 to recover the costs of all colors illustrations in a print edition. No free hardcopies of journal issue are provided.

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
Authors are kindly advised to read journal policy and also the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to journal as proposed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org) before submitting their manuscript to Editors. Authors are encouraged to submit high quality original research work that has not been published or nor under consideration by other journals or conference proceedings elsewhere. Authors should submit manuscript online to the Manuscript Tracking System. Manuscripts will be assessed by the editorial office for satisfaction of the journal requirement before sending for external peer review. The manuscripts of innovative research with high scientific quality will be accepted for publication. Authors will normally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revisions within six weeks of submission.

(1) SUBMISSION PREPARATION
Authors should submit a list of FIVE (5) potential referees accompanied with their complete mailing address, phone, fax and email address, who may be contacted for reviewing the manuscript though refereeing, is done by anonymous reviewers. In order to ensure that the highest quality manuscripts are published, reviewing process is carried out in two stages. A mandatory editor's approval is required in the first stage for the manuscripts before it is submitted to the peer review process in the second stage. To speed up the reviewing process, editors will communicate with authors and the referees via email. ASP or Editors will not return manuscripts to authors and keep any records whatsoever after a formal decision has been made about the manuscript. Editors have the right to reject the manuscript.

(2) INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

COVER LETTER
Authors should include a cover letter which summarizes the important and significant discovery of the studies. A cover letter may suggest proper reviewers or request reviewer exclusions. The cover letter will be kept confidential and will not be seen by manuscript reviewers. Manuscripts should be submitted with a cover letter specifying that the unique contribution of the manuscripts to the field, that the report is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and that all named authors have agreed to its submission.

ARTICLE ORGANIZATION
Manuscripts will include the following sections:

TITLE
The title should be brief and informative emphasizing on the main points of the paper.

AFFILIATIONS
Affiliations of all authors should be provided including full mailing addresses and marking of *corresponding author.

ABSTRACT
A single paragraph contains fewer than 200 words. The goal of the abstract is to provide a brief background on significance of the experimental results. No reference citation in the abstract.

KEYWORDS
Include 5-6 key words

INTRODUCTION
The Introduction should present the importance of present studies in providing significance to answer previously unresolved question.

RESULTS
The Results should present concise data logically. Use divided subheadings to establish the logical sequence.

DISCUSSION
The Discussion should be brief and comprehensive. Emphasis should be on the discussing the novelty of the studies and establishing a new hypothesis or model on the basis of the studies.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Information of materials and method should be described in order to be clear to the readers for understanding the data presentation in the paper. Extra information can be included in supplemental section.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
List of funding resources can be listed. These should be brief and placed at the end of the text before the references.

REFERENCES
References should be in the proper format on a separate page, numbered in the sequence in which they occur in the text. Cite references numerically as superscripts in the text and list at the end of the manuscript. Do not use abstracts and websites as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as "in press". Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source. For scientific articles, authors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. References should be listed in the following style. The references must be verified by the authors against the original documents.

NOTE - Do not use abstracts and websites as references.

1. Journal Article
Yokoyama A, and Cleary, ML. (2008). Menin critically links MLL proteins with LEDGF on cancer-associated target genes. Cancer Cell 14, 36-46.

2. Book
Nalwa HS, Editor, (2005), Handbook of Nanostructured Biomaterials and Their Applications in Nanobiotechnology, Vol. 1-2, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles.

3. Chapter in a Book
Schalkhammer T, (2004), Bionanodevices, in Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Edited by Nalwa H.S., American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles, Vol. 1, pp.329-360.

4. Conference Proceedings
Kimura J. and Shibasaki H, Editors (1995), Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology, October 15-19; Kyoto, Japan

5. Conference Paper
Bengtsson S, Solheim BG, (1992), Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 September 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. North-Holland, Amsterdam; pp.1561-1565.

6. Scientific Report
Field MJ, Tranquada RE, Feasley JC, editors (1995), Health services research: work force and educational issues. Washington: National Academy Press; Contract No.: AHCPR282942008. Sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

7. Dissertation
Kaplan SJ, (1995), Post-hospital home health care: the elderly's access and utilization [dissertation]. St. Louis (MO): Washington University.

8. Patent
Larsen CE, Trip R, and Johnson CR, Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. U.S. Patent 5,529,067, Jun 25 (1995).

Do not use the phrases "et al." and "ibid." in the references in the reference section Instead the names of all authors in a reference must be listed.

FIGURES
It is very important to supply high quality figures in a form suitable for reproduction. Each figure must be referred to in the text. Figure labels should be set in uppercase Helvetica or Arial fonts. Authors are advised not to include separate panels on multiple pages. For further information, please refer to Format For Online Submission section below.

TABLES
Authors are advised to use the Microsoft Word table function. Tables should include a title, footnotes, and legend. Tables are to be submitted as a separate section.

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION
Authors are advised to submit Supplemental information that will provide additional protocol or data information to the original submission. Publisher will not store any supplemental Information for authors.

TYPING
All manuscripts must be in English, typed double-spaced on one side of the page throughout (including footnotes, references, tables, legends) on 8.5" x 11" or A4 white paper leaving at least 1 inch left hand margin.

UNITS
Internationally accepted units of measurement must be used. The units of measurement are used in conjunction with their numerical values; the units should be abbreviated as suggested below. If more commonly used units are adopted, conversion factors should be given at their first occurrence. Greek symbols may be used. %, ºC, nm, !m (not m), mm, cm, cm3, m, h (or hr), min, s (or sec), !g, mg, g (or gm), kg, cal, kcal, in. (or write out inch), ml [write out liter(s)].

ABBREVIATION
No abbreviations are allowed in the title and abstract and should be defined the first time they are used within the text. The "World Journal of Cancer Research" should be abbreviated as "World J. Cancer Res." for the citation purpose.

(3) FORMATS FOR ONLINE SUBMISSION
Authors are advised to convert all text/figures/tables from Microsoft Word, Excel, or PowerPont formats to a single PDF file having abstract/text/references/figures/tables and submit the manuscript as a single file in a PDF format. All submitted figure images must have resolutions of at least 300 dpi.

Authors are advised to use these formatting guidelines. Manuscripts that do not follow the preparation guidelines may be returned to the authors.

TYPES OF RESEARCH PAPERS

(1) SHORT COMMUNICATIONS:
Highest priority will be given to the communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings. Rapid publication is provided for concise and up-to-date reports. These articles should not exceed three-four published pages. No section headings should be used for these short communications.

(2) RESEARCH ARTICLES:
Full length papers that report original research work on new ideas in the field of cancer research.

(3) REVIEWS:
The state-of-the-art review articles are limited to a maximum length of 35 journal pages having more than 100 references. It is authors' responsibility to obtain written copyright permissions to reproduce any copyright materials from other sources. Authors are advised to cite proper references in figure/tables captions of all previously published figures/tables/illustrations including their own published work and obtain copyright permissions from appropriate publishers and authors.

(4) CASE REPORTS:
In cancer field, there have been examples in which a single successful treatment case improved the field development. This type of report publishes innovative and successful case studies in cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment. The articles should not exceed two published pages. No section headings should be used for the reports.

(5) EDITORIALS:
Editorials briefly summarize current progress in a single field or several fields of cancer research in professional points of view. It normally takes one publication page.

COVER ART:
Journal features new cover art time to time. Authors are encouraged to submit high quality color figure/illustration to have their published paper featured.

MANUSCRIPT PROCESSING FEES: Authors should understand that there are many occurring publishing expenses per journal page associated with manuscript processing, editorial, production, typesetting, printing, paper, binding, shipping, web-hosting, and archiving. However authors pay no publication fees as well as the costs of any color figure/illustration in a print edition to American Scientific Publishers whatsoever, therefore, publisher is doing all services to authors free of costs and/or at fractional costs, hence, publisher is not obligated to provide any hard/softcopies of journal issue and/or research article to anyone whatsoever. Authors may download pdf file of their published papers from Ingenta after paying fractional costs. If authors require a hardcopy of the journal issue having their research articles then authors may also purchase hardcopies of the journal issue or subscribe to the journal by contacting the publisher. No free hard/softcopies of journal issue and/or research article are provided. On the other hand, if authors want to support the journal by paying full manuscript processing fees plus all costs of color figures/illustrations/photos in a print edition through their research grants or affiliated institutions, then publisher will provide hardcopy of journal issue or pdf file of his/her research article after receiving a full payment. American Scientific Publishers highly appreciate for author's kind understanding and support.

FREE COLOR FIGURES FOR ONLINE EDITION:
Color illustrations are most welcome by the journal as they are effective in conveying complex. PROOFS: Page proofs for the correction of printer's errors only will be dispatched to the corresponding author denoted with an asterik (*) unless otherwise requested. Alterations at this stage are not allowed as they are expensive and may have to be charged to the authors. The proofread copy and reprint order form must be returned within 48 hours. Contributors will be provided with an electronic pdf proof via e-mail and corrections must be returned within 48 hours of receipt of the proof by email or by fax. If this deadline is not met, the editorial office may take over the responsibility of proof reading or move article to next issue of the journal until corrected proofs are received from the authors.

OFFPRINTS:
Authors may order offprints of articles with a minimum of 100 from American Scientific Publishers (ASP) prior to publication. An order form accompanying the page proofs will be sent directly to the corresponding author (*). Please return your offprint order form with the page proofs.

WARRANTIES AND COPYRIGHTS:
By submitting the manuscript, the authors warrant that the entire work is original and unpublished; it is submitted only to this Journal and all text, data, figures/tables or other illustrations included in the research article are completely original and unpublished, and these have not been previously published or submitted elsewhere in any form or media whatsoever. All authors are responsible for the complete contents of their manuscript. The author(s) warrant that the work contains no unlawful or libelous statements and opinions and liable materials of any kind whatsoever, do not infringe on any copyrights, intellectual property rights, personal rights or rights of any kind of others, and does not contains any plagiarized, fraudulent, improperly attributed materials, instructions, procedures, information or ideas that might cause any harm, damage, injury, losses or costs of any kind to person or property. Each author(s) agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless American Scientific Publishers and the Editors for any breach of such warranties. It is authors' responsibility to obtain written copyright permissions from other sources (publishers) for reproduction of any figures, tables, photos, illustrations, text or other copyright materials from previously published work. It is the policy of American Scientific Publishers to own the copyright of all contributions it publishes. To comply with the U.S. Copyright Law, a Copyright Transfer Form that transfer copyright of the article to the publisher must be completed by the authors prior to publication of an accepted article in this journal. Authors must submit a signed copy of the Copyright Transfer Agreement with their manuscript.

ETHICAL ISSUES: Authors cannot submit a manuscript for publication to other journals simultaneously. It is waste of valuable resources because editors and referees spent a great deal of time processing submitted manuscripts. It is also unethical to republish similar research articles (text/figures/tables) again because journals have limited page space and it most likely violates copyrights which have already been transferred to the first journal. Therefore, all journals require a signed author's copyright transfer agreement stating the originality of the research work submitted through a manuscript. As stated above that authors should submit original, new and unpublished research work to the journal. The ethical issues such as plagiarism, fraudulent and duplicate publication, violation of copyrights, authorship and conflict of interest are serious issues concerning ethical integrity when submitting a manuscript to a journal for publication.

WITHDRAWAL OF MANUSCRIPTS: If the author requests withdrawal of manuscript after submission within the time span when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process with Editors/Referees, author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal penalty whatsoever. However, it is unethical to withdraw a submitted manuscript from one journal if accepted by another journal. The withdrawal of manuscripts from the journals after submitting to the publisher will incur a withdrawal penalty from American Scientific Publishers. After the manuscript is accepted for publication either through journal editors or guest editors or conference organizers, the withdrawal is not permitted by American Scientific Publishers. If the authors or conference organizers or a third party withdraw manuscripts any time after final manuscripts have already been submitted to American Scientific Publishers for processing, the request is not entertained without a significant withdrawal penalty. Authors or conference organizers or a third party are not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts because the withdrawal wastes valuable manuscript processing time, money and works invested by the publisher. The authors or conference organizers or a third party must always pay $200 per page manuscript processing charges as withdrawal penalty to the publisher even if the withdrawal is permitted. The withdrawal of the conference papers by conference organizers will never be permitted and the conference organizers will be punished for withdrawal by paying a withdrawal penalty of US$500 per manuscript. Withdrawal of manuscripts is only allowed after withdrawal penalty has been fully paid to the American Scientific Publishers by the authors or conference organizers or a third party. Any reason whatsoever of withdrawal of submitted manuscripts is treated as invalid and completely unacceptable under any circumstances. Publisher is not responsible for any damages whatsoever resulting from this consequence of the author's or conference organizer's or a third party decision. All questions or differences whatsoever concerning manuscripts withdrawal from American Scientific Publishers whether as to construction or otherwise, shall be held in the County of Los Angeles, California, United States of America.

UNAUTHORIZED CONFERENCES: American Scientific Publishers would like to caution potential authors that there are fraudulent activities going on in some countries where Conference Organizers are cheating fellow colleagues by falsely promising the publication of their research papers in SCIE/EI journals. It is very unfortunate to mention that some conference organizers are using the ASP logo and the journal titles/covers from ASP's websites without any authorization, which is completely illegal. Be aware that such conference organizers also disconnect emails and phones after receiving full payment for registration and publication charges from potential authors. Kindly be vigilant of such illegal activity. American Scientific Publishers is not responsible for such fraudulent activities and for any kind of damages brought on by the author's decisions. Author(s) hereby undertake to indemnify and hold harmless American Scientific Publishers and the Editors for any and all damages/claims/liabilities incurred from any and all actions by the conference organizers or any third party.

WARRANTIES FOR CONFERENCE ORGANIZERS: The Conference Organizer(s) submitting manuscripts to American Scientific Publishers warrant and represent that any material prepared by the Author(s) for the Journal shall be 100% new, original and unpublished in any form, shall not infringe upon or violate any copyright, trademark, obligation of confidentiality or other right or the privacy of others, or contain any libelous or unlawful statements or material or instructions that may cause harm or injury to a person or property; and that he/she will not include in the Journal any Article that the Editor believes or has any reason to believe may infringe or violate such rights or contain such material or matter or instructions that may cause harm or injury.

The Conference Organizer(s) submitting manuscripts to American Scientific Publishers represent and warrant that they have full power and authority to enter into this agreement. The Conference Organizer(s) agree to indemnify and hold the Publisher and any of its representatives harmless from any and all claims, demands, for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or punitive damages of any kind whatsoever, including, but not limited to all liabilities, lost opportunities, costs, charges and expenses (including counsel fees) that the Publisher incurs or sustains arising out of any breach by the Conference Organizer(s) of the foregoing warranties and representations. The Conference Organizer(s) hereby agrees to indemnify and defend American Scientific Publishers from claims, costs, charges, damages, fees, expenses or liabilities of any kind whatsoever brought or preferred by any third party against Publisher.

The relationship between the parties is that of independent contractors and does not constitute a partnership and the Conference Organizer(s) shall have no authority to bind American Scientific Publishers in any way. All questions or differences whatsoever which may at any time hereafter arise between the parties hereto concerning this Agreement or the subject matter thereof and whether as to construction or otherwise, shall be held in the County of Los Angeles, California. These terms and conditions shall be construed and interpreted under the laws of the State of California.

CONTACTS:

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Professor Jia-Lin Yang, MBBS, MEd, PhD
Adult Cancer Program, Lowy Cancer Research Centre,
Prince of Wales Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine
University of New South Wales
Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Phone: 0293859390; Fax: 0293851510
Email: j.yang@unsw.edu.au

OR

American Scientific Publishers
Email: order@aspbs.com





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