An Open-Access Peer-Reviewed Journal
ISSN: 2169-432X (Print) EISSN: 2169-4338 (Online)
Copyright © 2000- American Scientific Publishers. All Rights Reserved.

Journal of Nanofluids (JON) is an international multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal covering a wide range of research topics in the field of nanofluids and fluid science. It is an ideal and unique reference source for scientists and engineers working in this important and emerging research field of science, engineering and technology. The journal publishes full research papers, review articles with author's photo and short biography, and communications of important new findings encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all aspects of science and engineering of nanofluids and fluid science related developing technologies.
Authors will receive the following benefits from the publisher:
• Open-access, immediately available online for reading and sharing
• No Article Publishing Charges (APC)
• Rapid reviewing process and fast online publication

It is Journal of Nanofluids policy to publish 100% original and unpublished research work, therefore, the journal does not wish to receive any papers on research work that has already been reported in parts or contains already published text, data, figures, tables or other illustrations or any copyright materials whatsoever that has been submitted or accepted for publication either in a journal or conference proceedings elsewhere in any form in any media and language whatsoever. When submitting a manuscript, authors should make a full statement to the Editors that the research work contained in their manuscript is completely original and unpublished. If redundant or duplicate publication is attempted or occurs authors should expect immediate editorial action to be taken including prompt rejection of the submitted manuscript. Submission of any manuscript that contains redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar research work violates the policies of this journal. Extended/modified versions of previously published abstracts/papers in any conferences/journals are not allowed whatsoever. It is the sole responsibility of Authors to ensure that all manuscripts are new, original and not published previously in any form any media, shall not infringe upon or violate any kind of copyrights of others and does not contains any plagiarized, fraudulent and improperly attributed materials.

Authors should strictly follow Ethical Guidelines for publishing their research work.

American Scientific Publishers strictly follows guidelines set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, available at All Authors, Peer-Reviewers and Editors work together in a great harmony to ensure the highest ethical standards in publishing quality research work in our journals.

EDITORIAL INDEPENDENCE: American Scientific Publishers completely respect the editorial independence and does not interfere with any types of editorial decisions. Our independent team of editors conduct a thorough review of every single research article before it is published. The decisions either to accept or reject manuscripts are not made by American Scientific Publishing where any staff members have no say whatsoever. The acceptability of the selected reviewers who are experts in their fields of study, the appropriateness of comments by reviewers and thereafter, response by authors addressing all comments, and the overall scientific quality of a research article are taken into serious consideration when reaching a final editorial decision.

SUBMISSION FROM EDITORS AND EDITORIAL STAFFS AS AUTHORS: Journal Editors and Editorial Staff are not at all involved in the processing of their own research work, which is usual practice in all publications processed by American Scientific Publishers. This ensures the academic evaluation and editorial decision-making processes are free of conflicts of interest. Any manuscript written and submitted by an editor or a member of the editorial team is minimum two impartial reviewers who have no conflict of interest with the author(s). All reviewers are required to provide an in-depth and objective evaluation of each paper based on their expertise in the appropriate research topic. These editors or board members take into consideration the evaluation, comments, and suggestions of the reviewers as well as any other related information before making a final decision based on the high quality of the manuscript.

POLICY ON INFORMED CONSENT: An informed consent of the patient(s) is confirmed from any research institution involving human subjects for conducting research activities and clinical trials. The concept of informed consent is followed with the Nuremberg Code, The Declaration of Helsinki, and The Belmont Report. Furthermore, the identification of patient(s) is kept private. A statement about the consent of the patient(s) is included in the manuscript.

A plagiarism check will generate a report highlighting text duplication and other potential plagiarism. This is author’s full responsibility to submit plagiarism-free manuscript and if there are instances of duplication or overlapping then authors should modify text accordingly.

Research papers reporting animal or clinical studies should contain a statement that all experiments have been carried out with author’s institute’s policy with an approval from the animal or human ethics committee. All scientific studies should be carried out in accordance with the relevant national and local guidelines. Each author(s) warrants that his or her research institution has fully approved the protocol for all scientific studies involving animals or humans and that all experiments of any kinds were conducted in compliance with ethical and humane principles of research after ethics committee approval. Authors should submit a written statement that all experiments were conducted in compliance with the author’s institute’s policy for studies on animal or human subjects.

The corresponding author should include a statement describing any type of financial conflicts of interest in journal article on behalf of all authors including affiliations, all sources of funding, or any kinds of relationships, that may be associated with conflicts of interest. In case, no conflict of interest exits, then a statement will should be included as “The authors declare no competing financial interest.”

Authors should clearly report all funding sources including any grant numbers in the research article to meet funding disclosure requirements.

PEER-REVIEW PROCESS: The journal applies a very strict peer-reviewing process to ensure high quality and to maintain confidentiality of reviewers. The Editor-in-Chief and Editor(s) initially perform a preliminary assessment of each submitted manuscript to check if it meets the journal’s requirement including the scope and guidelines are followed for manuscript preparation. Thereafter, each submitted manuscript is moved to the initial reviewing process where a minimum of three independent reviewers, who are experts in that particular field of study will carefully evaluate the article. All reviewer’s comments and any other suggestions will be forwarded to the *corresponding author(s) of the manuscript for making appropriate revisions. Upon receiving a revised manuscript, the Editor-in-Chief and Editor (s) will make a final decision either to accept or reject the manuscript in accordance with the reviewers.
Authors are kindly advised to read Journal of Nanofluids policy and also the uniform requirements for manuscripts submission as proposed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( before submitting their manuscripts. Authors are encouraged to submit high quality original research work that has not been published or nor under consideration by other journals or conference proceedings elsewhere. Authors should use Microsoft Word template to submit manuscript online to the Manuscript Tracking System.

Prof. Dr. Ali J. Chamkha
Dean of Faculty of Engineering
Kuwait College of Science and Technology
Doha, Kuwait

Journal of Nanofluids is an open-access journal. No Article Publication Charges (APC) for authors of accepted manuscripts. In order to provide free open-access and to cover publishing costs for editorial services, typesetting, proofs, management services, archiving, etc. an article processing charge (APC) will be applied 2023 onward. Authors will be provided an agreement to pay the APC when submitting their manuscripts but will only be charged upon acceptance.

All open-access articles are permitted with a mutual understanding between authors and Publisher that Journal is able to attribute to authors of published articles with their choice of open-access license. Authors should selected a “CC-BY-Non-Commerical (NC)-No-Derivatives (ND)” license where users can download and distribute the work without any alterations of any kind, after giving appropriate credit to original source, but material cannot be used for “any kind of commercial purpose” whatsoever. Authors should select default license CC-BY-NC-ND of the Creative Commons Attribution license. Neither modifications to the work nor commercial uses of the work are permitted. Authors agree to reuse research articles legally and properly cite the original source of publication.
It is sole responsibility of the authors to submit their final accepted manuscript in correct English language, free of all typographical/grammatical errors to meet high publishing standards. All authors from non-English language countries should get their final accepted manuscripts copyedited by professional copyediting services at author's own expense. All copyediting services are fully paid for and arranged by the authors. Manuscripts will be processed for publication on a condition that authors submit a certificate of proof along with their final accepted manuscript. A list of professional copyediting editing services can be found below.  

1.  American Journal Experts (  
2.  Charlesworth Author Services China Phone: +86(10) 87095751, Email: 
3.   BioMed Proofreading LLC (
4.  Editage (
5.   International Science Editing Ltd. (  
6.  ScienceDocs Inc.(  
7.  SciTechEdit International (
8.  Stallard Scientific Editing (
9.  Textcheck (
10.  Write Science Right (

Authors are encouraged to submit high quality color figure/illustration to have their published paper featured.

Highest priority will be given to the communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings. Rapid publication is provided for concise and up-to-date reports. These articles should not exceed three-four published pages. No section headings should be used for these short communications.
Full length papers that report original research work on new ideas in any fields of science, engineering and medicine.
The state-of-the-art review articles with author's short biography and photo are published. Reviews are limited to a maximum length of 40-50 journal pages (100-150 manuscript pages) having more than 300 references. It is authors' responsibility to obtain written copyright permissions to reproduce any copyright materials from other sources. Authors are advised to cite proper references in figure/tables captions of all previously published figures/tables/illustrations including their own published work and obtain copyright permissions from appropriate publishers and authors.

EXAMPLE: Reprinted with permission from ref.#, full reference. copyright@publisher's name, year.
All manuscripts must be in English, typed one and half-spaced throughout (including footnotes, references, tables, legends) leaving at least 1 inch left hand margin.

The first page of the manuscript should have a concise title limited to about 15 words and the names of all authors, complete mailing address for correspondence, telephone, fax numbers and email address. Please indicate with an asterisk (*) the author to whom correspondence regarding the manuscript should be directed.
All manuscripts must contain an informative 350 words abstract explaining the essential contents of the work, key ideas and results.
It is very important to supply high quality figures in a form suitable for reproduction. All figures, tables, illustrations, photographs should be prepared in such a way that they could be printed in a single column size with a width of 3 1/4 inches or 8.25 cm. Use 14 ARIAL BOLD font for legends and 11 ARIAL font for numbering/wordings in figures, use the same font for all figures. Only if absolutely necessary should figures/tables/photos occupy double columns. Each figure must be referred to in the text and will be printed in black and white unless otherwise instructed by the authors. Each Figure should be submitted on a separate sheet and marked with the name of the author, title of manuscript and figure number. All formulae and figures should be carefully drafted and never drawn freehand. High quality original figures and glossy prints of all photographs are required. Photocopies of the figures and photographs are not acceptable.

Color illustrations are most welcome by the journal as they are effective in conveying complex graphs and photographs. Free color printing at the publisher's discretion, will provide an opportunity to publish color figures/illustrations in print at NO COST to the authors.

Half-tone illustrations should be supplied as clear, glossy, unmounted prints. The author's name, title of manuscript and figure number should be written on the back.
Each table must be referred to in the text. Each table should be typed double-spaced on a separate sheet and identified sequentially by Arabic numerals corresponding to the order in which they appear in the text. Each table should have a brief explanatory title, which should be labeled unambiguously. The position of each table should be clearly marked in the text.
Internationally accepted units of measurement must be used. The units of measurement are used in conjunction with their numerical values; the units should be abbreviated as suggested below. If more commonly used units are adopted, conversion factors should be given at their first occurrence. Greek symbols may be used.
%, şC, nm, µm (not m), mm, cm, cm3, m, h (or hr), min, s (or sec), µg, mg, g (or gm), kg, cal, kcal, in. (or write out inch), ml [write out liter(s)].
The Medline style guide can be used as a general reference on matter of units, grammar and formatting.
No abbreviations are allowed in the title and abstract and should be defined the first time they are used within the text. The "Journal of Nanofluids" should be abbreviated as J. Nanofluids for the reference citation purpose.

Authors are advised to convert all text/figures/tables from Microsoft Word, Excel, or PowerPont formats to a single PDF file and submit the manuscript as a single file (title/affiliations/abstarct/keywords/text/references/figures/tables) in a PDF format. All submitted figure images must have resolutions of at least 300 dpi.

Authors are advised to use these formatting guidelines. Manuscripts that do not follow the preparation guidelines may be returned to the authors.

The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence and submitted as a single file.

The title should be brief, precise and informative to deliver the main objective of the research paper.

Complete affiliations of all authors of a research paper are required including their department, university/company, city, zipcode, and country.

Include email address of *corresponding author.

A single paragraph contains fewer than 350 words. The goal of the abstract is to provide a very brief background of research work accomplished and reporting of significant experimental results. No reference citation in the abstract.

Include 5-6 important keywords related to research topic.

The Introduction should present the importance of present studies in providing significance to answer previously unresolved question.

Information of materials and method should be described in order to be clear to the readers for understanding the data presentation in the paper. No supplemental section allowed, make all extra information a part of manuscript.

The results should present concise data logically. Use divided subheadings to establish the logical sequence if necessary. The discussion should be brief and comprehensive. Emphasis should be on the discussing the novelty of the studies and establishing a new hypothesis or model on the basis of the studies.

Summarize all important accomplishments achieved.

Research papers reporting animal or clinical studies should, where appropriate, contain a statement that they have been carried out with animal or human ethics committee approval. Each author(s) warrants that his or her research institution has fully approved the protocol for all scientific studies involving animals or humans and that all experiments of any kinds were conducted in compliance with ethical and humane principles of research after ethics committee approval.

Authors should state if there is any conflict of interest whatsoever. If there is none then authors should write "There is no conflicts of interest".

Authors should clearly report all funding sources including any grant numbers in the research article to meet funding disclosure requirements.

All abbreviations used in the abstract/text should be defined where first used, or a list of abbreviations may be included in the end before references. Do not use abbreviations in the research paper's title.
REFERENCES (Use Harvard Referencing): References should be in the proper Harvard style on a separate page, numbered in the sequence in which they occur in the text. Cite references numerically in a bracket [ ] in the text and list in the same numerical order at the end of the manuscript. References should be listed in the HARVARD Referencing format:

Names of all Authors. The Surname is followed by First name initials. (example; Williams, P. G.)
Year of Research Article Publication (in Bold: 2015)
Title of Research Article.
Full Journal Title (complete journal title in Italics, do not use abbreviated journal titles).
Volume Number of the Journal.
Issue Number of Journal.
Page Numbers of research article (starting from beginning page to last page of a research article)

Authors could directly copy the references of all research articles in Harvard style from Google Scholar ( and cite accordingly in their manuscripts.

1. Journal Article in Harvard Style

Xu, Y., Bai, H., Lu, G., Li, C. and Shi, G., 2008. Flexible graphene films via the filtration of water-soluble noncovalent functionalized graphene sheets. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130(18), pp.5856-5857.

Kim, K.S., Kim, K.H., Nam, Y., Jeon, J., Yim, S., Singh, E., Lee, J.Y., Lee, S.J., Jung, Y.S., Yeom, G.Y. and Kim, D.W., 2017. Atomic layer etching mechanism of MoS2 for nanodevices. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(13), pp.11967-11976.

2. Book Reference in Harvard Style

Nalwa, H.S., ed. 2004. Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, volumes 1-10, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles, California.

3. Book Chapter in an Edited Book in Harvard Style

Krill, C.E., Harberkorn, R. and Birringer, R., 1999. in Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology, edited by H. S. Nalwa, Academic Press, Vol. 2, pp.155-211.

4. Website in Harvard Style

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (

5. Conference Proceedings in Harvard Style

Kimura, J. and Shibasaki, H., eds., (1995). Recent Advances in Clinical Neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology, October 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. pp. 10-15.
Do not use the phrases "et al." and "ibid." in the reference section. Instead, the names of all authors in a reference must be listed.

The names of all authors must be included in a reference. Do not use the phrases "et al." and "ibid." in the reference section. Do not use "website address" as a reference.
Page proofs for the correction of printer's errors only will be dispatched to the corresponding author denoted with an asterik (*) unless otherwise requested. Alterations at this stage are not allowed as they are expensive and may have to be charged to the authors. The proofread copy and reprint order form must be returned within 48 hours.
Authors may order offprints of articles with a minimum of 100 from American Scientific Publishers (ASP) prior to publication. An order form accompanying the page proofs will be sent directly to the corresponding author (*). Please return your offprint order form with the page proofs.
Upon acceptance of the manuscript for publication, authors should submit to the publisher a single file in MS WORD format (title/authors/affiliations/abstract/keywords/text/references/captions/figures/tables) containing the final version of the manuscript with a signed Copyright Transfer Agreement. The preferred medium is Windows/MS-DOS or Macintosh having MS Word file or TeX. We are also able to accept line artwork/graphics if you supply us the source files to enables us to modify the artwork as required for the journal format.

American Scientific Publishers has no control whatsoever over abstracting and indexing of their scientific journals in any types of databases (SCIE, Scopus, Compendex, PubMed, CPCI, etc.), therefore, the publisher does not guarantee and take any responsibilities whatsoever for any kind of abstracting and indexing coverage of the published work in any types of databases whatsoever.

Authors cannot submit a manuscript for publication to other journals simultaneously. It is waste of valuable resources because editors and referees spent a great deal of time processing submitted manuscripts. It is also unethical to republish similar research articles (text/figures/tables) again because journals have limited page space and it most likely violates copyrights which have already been transferred to the first journal. Therefore, all journals require a signed author's copyright transfer agreement stating the originality of the research work submitted through a manuscript. As stated above that authors should submit original, new and unpublished research work to the journal. The ethical issues such as plagiarism, fraudulent and duplicate publication, violation of copyrights, authorship and conflict of interest are serious issues concerning ethical integrity when submitting a manuscript to a journal for publication.

If the author requests withdrawal of manuscript after submission within the time span when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process with Editors/Referees, author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal penalty whatsoever. However, it is unethical to withdraw a submitted manuscript from one journal if accepted by another journal. The withdrawal of manuscripts from the journals after submitting to the publisher will incur a withdrawal penalty from American Scientific Publishers. If the authors withdraw manuscripts any time after final manuscripts have already been processed by American Scientific Publishers, the request is not entertained without a significant withdrawal penalty. Authors are not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts because the withdrawal wastes valuable manuscript processing time, money and works invested by the publisher. The authors should pay $200 per page manuscript processing charges as withdrawal penalty to the publisher even if the withdrawal is permitted. Any reason whatsoever of withdrawal of submitted manuscripts is treated as invalid and completely unacceptable under any circumstances. Publisher is not responsible for any damages whatsoever resulting from this consequence of the author's decision. Please carefully read the below terms and conditions for withdrawal of any manuscript. Category (1) Newly submitted and revised manuscripts can be withdrawn by the authors as these are under preliminary process only. Category (2) Accepted manuscripts which are not typeset can be withdrawn by the authors from further processing. Category (3) Accepted manuscripts which are under typesetting process by publisher, cannot be withdrawn by the authors, then publisher will charge a withdrawal penalty of 200 USD per page to authors whoever wants to withdraw their research articles at this stage. Category (4) If paid papers are already typeset then there will be no refund of Article Processing Charges (APC) because papers have already been fully processed through all editorial services, typesetting, proofs, administrative services, etc. There will be a withdrawal penalty of 200 USD per page. Category (5) If papers are already published in the journal and authors want to withdraw and remove their published papers from the journal website there will be a penalty of 300 USD per page.

American Scientific Publishers would like to caution potential authors that there are fraudulent activities going on in some countries where Conference Organizers are cheating fellow colleagues by falsely promising the publication of their research papers in SCIE/EI journals. It is very unfortunate to mention that some conference organizers are using the ASP logo and the journal titles/covers from ASP's websites without any authorization, which is completely illegal. Be aware that such conference organizers also disconnect emails and phones after receiving full payment for registration and publication charges from potential authors. Kindly be vigilant of such illegal activity. American Scientific Publishers is not responsible for such fraudulent activities and for any kind of damages brought on by the author's decisions. Author(s) hereby undertake to indemnify and hold harmless American Scientific Publishers and the Editors for any and all damages/claims/liabilities incurred from any and all actions by the conference organizers or any third party.

By submitting the manuscript, the authors warrant that the entire work is original and unpublished; it is submitted only to this Journal and all text, data, figures/tables or other illustrations included in the research article are completely original and unpublished, and these have not been previously published or submitted elsewhere in any form or media whatsoever. All authors are responsible for the complete contents of their manuscript. The author(s) warrant that the work contains no unlawful or libelous statements and opinions and liable materials of any kind whatsoever, do not infringe on any copyrights, intellectual property rights, personal rights or rights of any kind of others, and does not contains any plagiarized, fraudulent, improperly attributed materials, instructions, procedures, information or ideas that might cause any harm, damage, injury, losses or costs of any kind to person or property. Each author(s) agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless American Scientific Publishers and the Editors for any breach of such warranties. It is authors' responsibility to obtain written copyright permissions from other sources (publishers) for reproduction of any figures, tables, photos, illustrations, text or other copyright materials from previously published work. It is the policy of American Scientific Publishers to own the copyright of all contributions it publishes. To comply with the U.S. Copyright Law, a Copyright Transfer Form that transfer copyright of the article to the publisher must be completed by the authors prior to publication of an accepted article in this journal. Authors must submit a “CC-BY-Non-Commerical (NC)-No-Derivatives (ND)” with their manuscripts.

Authors submitting manuscripts to American Scientific Publishers represent and warrant that they have full power and authority to enter into this agreement. The authors agree to indemnify and hold the Publisher and any of its representatives harmless from any and all claims, demands, for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or punitive damages of any kind whatsoever, including, but not limited to all liabilities, lost opportunities, costs, charges and expenses (including counsel fees) that the Publisher incurs or sustains arising out of any breach by the authors of the foregoing warranties and representations. The authors hereby agrees to indemnify and defend American Scientific Publishers from claims, costs, charges, damages, fees, expenses or liabilities of any kind whatsoever brought or preferred by any third party against Publisher.

The relationship between the parties is that of independent contractors and does not constitute a partnership and the authors shall have no authority to bind American Scientific Publishers in any way. All questions or differences whatsoever which may at any time hereafter arise between the parties hereto concerning this Agreement or the subject matter thereof and whether as to construction or otherwise, shall be held in the County of Los Angeles, California. These terms and conditions shall be construed and interpreted under the laws of the State of California.


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